Sunday, August 19, 2012

Adhika maasa Karthavya

Adhika Masa Na-Karthavyas
Rakshasas by name Nairuthas dominate in the Adhika masa and destroy the phalas of all Kamya karmas - Functions or Vratas with a specific desire are known as Kamya karmas. List of them to be avoided in an Adhika masa are Agnyadheya, Devatha Prathishte, Yajna, Vratas, Upakarma, Vrushothsava, Choodakarma (First haircut), Upanayana, Vivaha, Vasthu devatha pooja, Gruha pravesha, Yathrothsava, Wearing of new ornaments and Mahadanas. Thulapurushadana, Hiranyagarbhadana, Brahmandadana, Kalpapadapada, Gosahasradana are some of the sixteen mahadanas.
Yathrothsava: The ban on yathra is only for those who are going for the first time. Here yathra means those who visit pilgrim centres for darshana and Shraddha.
Karthavyas in Adhika masa
Nithya Sandhyavandana, Devatha Pooja, Vaishwadeva, Pumsavana, Seemantha, Jathakarma, Shanthis associated with it, Masika Shraddha, Sapindeekarana, Varshika Shraddha (for those who have passed away during an Adhika masa), Dana & Japa on Grahana day, Chathurmasya vratha (if the Adhika masa happens to be one of the Chathurmasas), Japas / Archanas etc as Pariharas for illnesses, Japas / Parayanas etc for getting rain, and other routine activities.
Kshaya Masa
A chandramana masa in which TWO sankramanas occur is known as Kshaya Masa. Normally only one Sankramana occurs in each Chandramana masa with the exception of an Adhika Masa.
A Kshaya Masa is also called Shoonya Masa.
TWO Adhika masas: Whenever a Kshaya masa occurs, two Adhika masas occur during the same year. The earlier one is known as Amhaspathi or Prakrutha and the second one as Samsarpa or Malimluncha. Prakrutha Adhika masa is considered normal masa with no stigma of Na-karthavyas.
Activities of a Kshaya masaDuring a Kshaya masa, theoretically a masa is lost and all activities during the masa will have to be lost.
In practice, the Kshaya masa gets sort of merged with the next masa. During such a masa, the first half of each thithi is considered to represent the Kshaya masa and the later half the next masa.
Luckily each thithi is divided into two equal halves and are known as Karanas. Therefore the first karana of a thithi refers to the kshaya masa and the later karana to the next masa. Activities of the masas are to be carried out in the respective karanas.
Occurance: Kshaya masa can occur only during Kartheeka, Margashira or Pushya masas.
Next Kshaya masa: Kshaya masas occur alternately once in 141 years and 19 years. Kshaya masa occured in the past during 1983 after a gap of 19 years i.e year 1964. Therefore the next Kshaya masa is expected during 2124.
Details of Shraddha during Adhika Vaishakha Masa
1. Annual shraddhas due in Vaishakha masa are to be performed in Nija Vaishakha masa.
2. First Abdika of persons who passed away during last year’s Vaishakha masa is to be performed during Adhika Vaishakha masa itself.
3. Masika (shraddha) for persons who passed away during last year after Vaishakha masa has to be performed in both Adhika and Nija Vaishakha masas.
4. Darsha shraddha has to be performed during both Adhika and Nija masas.
5. Annual shraddha for those who have passed away during Adhika Vaishalka masa has to be peformed in Adhika Vaishakha masa only. [During years without a Adhika Vaishakha masa, it has to be performed in Vaishakha masa.]

No comments:

Post a Comment